Vocational ministry hurts, and I am not, this time, referring to physical pain. I mean spiritual pain, the disappointment and self-doubt that occasionally comes while being a cog in the large and ever-turning wheel of a megachurch, or the crushing sense of futility one feels when being fired without recourse, or the strain of rejection, perhaps even betrayal, one experiences after months of personal sacrifice assisting a family plagued by dysfunction, only to see that family leave your fellowship once crisis is averted.

At moments like these, I have often taken refuge in some old friends – many times, these connections were made at the North American Christian Convention. And while I did not find it necessary to attend every year, its simple existence has always given me comfort and meaning. It is nice, so nice, to find that one’s labors, even one’s moments of abject misery are part of a continuum. It helps me again feel proud of what I do. I am reminded of what it took to get here, of what I have endured, and I can breath again with assurance – maybe even defiance – because I survived. Because I’m still here.

For this reason, the NACC has always been something other than a trade-convention showcasing the latest technological advancements in ministry. It was more about being caught up in an idea or cause that’s larger than oneself – as the cliche goes. It was about identity. And healthy sources of identity are needed, otherwise unhealthy sources will invade. Identity assigns meaning to one’s work independent to one’s own accomplishments – a vital commodity. At past conventions, for example, you may not have been the leader of a movement, but you could certainly count yourself as among the leaders within one.

Indeed, we all, regardless of church size and by virtue of our calling, were once represented at every administrative level of the NACC.  The burden of responsibility was shared, as we all cooperated in the maintenance of our standards. As a result, each year’s convention was the embodiment of our brotherhood’s doctrinal solidarity. And this made us part of a greater historical chain.

Sadly, that is no longer the case.

Today, the Restoration Movement has transition on its mind. Real transition, which concerns more than simply adjusting to the crumbling of our major institutions.

We are now in the midst of a nationwide revision which, among other things, puts ministry at odds with theology in a zero-sum game. Guilt over non-affirming views of cultural mores, coupled with a desire not to bruise the feelings of a fragile generation (a generation who have not yet come to terms with the reality that utopia will never come until the hereafter, and resent those who suggest that they do) have led to anodyne presentations of the gospel. Indeed, the very term ‘false doctrine’ is in disfavor, giving way to the politically correct “Tribe.”

And yet, sound theology is what gives grounding to our movement, it defines the way reality is perceived and shapes the very contours of our identity. Without it, a vacuum is created only to be filled by such synthetic substitutes as corporate branding. But this is precisely what Spire has done. Meanwhile, the stage of the convention is now open to all shades and flavors of doctrines, even as we are reassured  that “the new format will support what the NACC has always upheld.”

What some might describe as an If-you-like-your-doctrine-you-can-keep-it guarantee.

(Just don’t be surprised if, at some point, you recognize that those with a more traditional biblical interpretation are either muted or go unrepresented.)

By my lights, the notion that a vast, doctrinally-diverse collection of churches can be united in a singular network of national expression, promising everyone a sense of belonging without shared beliefs is ludicrous. Once our spiritual framework was stripped away, so too the shibboleths of our shared identity.  But let’s be honest about the purpose of this new network: to give the directors of Spire the ability to impose on our movement their own, more marketable, conception of virtue – a sort of Overton Window, blocking one school of thought from the convention platform while prioritizing another.

The Spire network is not a new concept, nor is it particularly unique. Secular and religious enterprises everywhere are now building platforms where they control the discussion, all the while profiting from them. Each platform becomes a megaphone with an intense focus on commerce. And while we are entreated to “participate in” and “contribute to” the “ongoing conversation,” the network collects email submissions, first and last names, zip codes, device types, locations, and a trove of personal data, all used to construct digital profiles. Platform users are essentially viewed as a commodity – consumers with big dollar signs on their foreheads generating big data the networks can sell. Additionally, opting-in enables platform proprietors to market directly to their users 24/7. What they are creating is a digital data collection funnel and a 21st century marketing machine that bypasses the legacy media of print and other more traditional forms of promotion.

Spire, for example, has yet to launch its online merch portal, but by using the popular WordPress e-commerce plugin WooCommerce, they have built a web store which will sell both physical and virtual/downloadable products. And if Willow Creek’s  competing GLS network is any indicator, behind each pay wall are videos ranging from highly-touted Christian (and non-Christian) motivational gurus, to simulcast workshops featuring “world-class” training for your staff.

Among the myriad dangers in all of this is that Spire organizers think they can somehow guide and direct, through central planning, a movement that fits their theories about how all other churches should operate. That’s not easy in a top-down, authoritarian system – more pertinent, it’s not possible in a self-governing one.

Consider this revealing quote from the Spire website:

“And while our diversity and independence as churches have flourished, we’ve lacked a mechanism to keep us unified, leveraging the collective strength that comes from that unity.”

Don’t get me wrong, I agree with the notion that with unity comes strength. But the solution to our current malaise isn’t to be shepherded by a coercing mechanism promising to deliver strength and unity. To the contrary, it’s to deny any institution the power to attempt to do either. In fact, the greatest threat to a robust, autonomous brotherhood of Independent Christian Churches is an ever-growing Leviathan network which defines itself as the ultimate unifying mechanism.

Again, from the Spire website:

Spire can be that hub, pulling all these thousands and thousands of spokes [churches] together to leverage the power of our unity like never before! “

It appears that Spire administrators, for whom “leverage the power of our unity” means expanding their influence and control, ignore the inverse correlation between dependence on a centralizing institution and local church autonomy.

And herein lies the most significant difference between past conventions and its present Spire iteration. In the past, because of the broad inclusivity of those committees which produced each year’s event, the convention was the ultimate expression of Restoration Movement identity. That identity flowed from self-governing congregations to the convention. By contrast, the Spire conference, controlled exclusively by a narrow cadre of Spire executives, seeks to reverse the flow, making supporting churches the ultimate expression of the Spire brand, which is to say franchisees.

Moreover, the churches which once held agency within the convention, today are merely viewed as tools to advance Spire’s multi-site pragmatism. A turn of events which not only optimizes their pecuniary interests, but divides us into tribes while encroaching upon the rights and responsibilities of the local church.

By these reforms, without ever having thought it through, we just may be engaged in the unmaking of the RM and encouraging the very tribalism that, for so long, made denominations the bane of Christendom. Promoting tribal doctrine is just another way to enable self-indulgence and self-worship which strip men of their character, leaving them ill-equipped to defend what requires defending and hungry for some kind of meaning.

But such is the plight we face. The bedrock is cracked. The soil of our movement is exhausted, and the roots of our institutions strain to hold what remains in place.

To refresh the soil, we must understand that, inevitably, it is when we stop looking up to God for identity and start looking down into ourselves that we will look to find fulfillment, belonging, and meaning in tribes and crowds. Additionally, we can’t lose sight of the fact that this is an eternal fight – every generation has got to have it – all we can do is pass the tools and arguments onto the next generation so they can engage in the struggle.

The ultimate question of whether the changes in our institutions signal future decline should not be answered yes or no. There is no yes or no. Both answers are wrong, because the assumption that somehow there exists some predetermined inevitable trajectory is wrong. With God, decline is not inevitable, decline is not a condition. Decline is a choice.

Terry Sweany serves as Senior Minister of Playa Christian Church. He received his Bachelor’s in Christian Ministry from Cincinnati Christian University and a Master’s in Marriage, Family, & Child Counseling from Hope International University. He and his wife, Patty, reside in West Los Angeles.

10 replies on “So What’s The Difference?”

  1. Your post showed up in my Facebook feed as a sponsored post. I can appreciate what you’re saying regarding the NACC. As a Christian who has been a member of all three streams of the RM/Stone–Campbell movement (and now home in a Disciples’ congregation), it seems to me that it’s time to quit complaining about Spire and get inspired by the founders of your beloved NACC – and do what they did when they didn’t like the direction of their beloved Convention in the mid-1920s: they created the NACC. It may be time for you to go and do likewise.

    1. Thanks for sharing Daren, I understand where you are coming from. It does likely come across as complaining to some. Others find it enlightening – and that is really my motivation. Also, without you knowing me, I can also understand why you would assume, based on a couple of essays, that my time isn’t being spent on other proactive endeavors. But you can rest assured I am.

      Regardless, I do appreciate your clicking through, reading, and commenting. I don’t take any of it for granted. God Bless my friend.

  2. Seems to me someone needs to re-start the NACC for the rest of us . . . maybe not so mega-church business centered . . . more like it used to be . . lots of good preaching, teaching, and a variety of musical worship time . . . with that great big communion time together. I guess I’m “old” but that old format still appeals to me. I’m a ministry wife, and we had no idea of all the meeting and planning that’s been going on at some level for years, it seems. The whole Spire announcement along with the ending of NACC came as quite a surprise to us last year. But then we’re just the more common ministry folks out there in the smaller churches working for love (sometimes called low pay). What would we know about what is good for us? Oh my, what an attitude . . . I’m not really like that, except for sometimes when I feel rather invisible . . . So glad you’re speaking up.

    1. Thanks Jeanne. It’s great to know you and your husband are out there. You’re not invisible. Your thoughts are welcomed and encouraging. Blessings.

  3. The North American Christian Convention” to “Spire?” It seems to me the just have a problem with the name “Christian,” an emphasis that had been at the heart of our Movement and fellowship. Of course, this only follows the fact that many of our mega-churches have been shunning that name as well. My prediction is that tthe NACC, or something like it with sounder emphases wiil make a return.

  4. This article appears to be an edited version of what was originally posted. The first version referenced the CRA and CIY as paragons of restoration movement doctrinal purity. in my original reply I indicated that the CRA is a reactionary group and that CIY is effectively now an interdenominational group. But maybe that is why the article was edited and my comments were deleted.

    In any case, this quote remains, which I still find striking:
    “The notion that a vast, doctrinally-diverse collection of churches can be united in a singular network of national expression, promising everyone a sense of belonging without shared beliefs is ludicrous.”

    I am something like a 7th generation minister in the restoration movement’s independent Christian Church strain and I happen to be a part of a network whose very existence this author doesn’t believe does or even could exist. In fact, I was just at an international gathering of our thousands in our network 2 weeks ago.


    1. Ben,

      Thank you for reposting. I have included our past correspondence below. I do so for anyone who may be following that they have all the context as it relates to our discussion.

      Subject: Re: Re your comment
      From: Ben McClary
      Date: Tuesday, July 9th, 7:57 pm
      To: tsweany@playachurch.org

      Thanks for the personal response. I may just do that.

      On Tue, Jul 9, 2019, 6:33 PM wrote:

      i just saw your latest comment. Last week some comments both good and bad were mislabeled spam as I was dealing with a lot of malicious ping back posts. If you look through the comments section of my other posts you will see that I do not mind negative comments. I also respond to everyone. I would invite you to repost your comment from last week and I will respond. We need more conversations not less. Please accept my apology. 


      Now as to your objections, first, I assure you I have made no edits to my blog post since it has published. I think you may be confusing a reply I made on my Facebook page which I submit here:

      Don’t Get Me Wrong:
      Jeff Strite my best guess about what to do involves looking to the more regional institutions which continue to be faithful. Local ministers meetings, family camps, Christian Service camps, the CRA, Bible Colleges, Oregon Christian Convention, Eastern Christian Convention, CIY – these create and provide space between the local church and the RM at large promoting identity and historical context. In fact, it is because of these smaller regional groups that I think we will weather the storm. My understanding is that many of these groups have been increasing in numbers and support corresponding to the sharp decline of the NACC since 2014 anyway. When Tim Harlow, Mike Baker, Gene Appel, and Dave Stone went left on the RM majority held doctrine in 2014, the attendance dropped immediately by 50% and it never recovered. It was then that our regional enterprises began filling the gap.

      Secondly, I did and do recommend CIY and the CRA but I have never used the phrase “paragons of restoration movement doctrinal purity.”

      Apparently, you do not recommend them, and I take that under advisement.

      And thirdly, to the objection about the quote you cite above: I did not mean to suggest that disparate religious factions can not find practical causes around which to unite, for example I agree with and support the Catholic view of when life begins in the mother’s womb. But I do not enjoy a sense of shared beliefs or identity with the Catholic Church. I assume you understand the distinction.

      More specifically, a majority of ministers in the Restoration Movement subscribe to the doctrine of complementarianism which welcomes the participation and leadership of women within the church with the only limitation being teaching or exercising authority over a man.

      Now, many seekers who walk through the door of the church I’m serving have an initial negative response to that teaching – understandably. Yet with time and care, many embrace it. But imagine how much more difficult it is for me, as leader of my church, to maintain congregational unity after taking members of my congregation to our national convention only to see that doctrine contradicted from the stage. In fact, mocked. Or hypothetically, what do you surmise would happen for those in my congregation looking for a weakness to exploit concerning this doctrinal stance?

      It creates major headaches and frustration, which I would dutifully accept if it was the minority view. But it isn’t. Very few churches in our brotherhood employ female preachers or appoint female elders.

      So in this one example – I can name others – I no longer share a national sense of belonging. In fact, quite the opposite. And I am not alone. Further, the more diverse the doctrinal views get, the more divided we become. But the current breed seems to welcome exactly that, calling each division a tribe.

      Thank you for your response. And again, I do apologize for what happened to your original post.

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